Poseidon – Greek God of the Sea
Poseidon, in ancient Greek religion, god of the sea (and of water generally), earthquakes, and horses. He is distinguished from Pontus, the personification of the sea and the oldest Greek divinity of the waters. The name Poseidon means either “husband of the earth” or “lord of the earth.”. Poseidon Greek God of the Sea. Poseidon was god of the sea, earthquakes, storms, and horses and is considered one of the most Facts about Poseidon. Poseidon was most notably the God of the sea and the protector of all waters; sailors relied upon Link/cite this page. If you use any of the.
Poseidon is the ancient Greek god of the seas. He was known as a protector of sailors as well as the patron of many different Greek cities and colonies. As one of the Twelve Olympians, Poseidon is featured heavily throughout Greek mythology and art.
His powerful role as god of the sea meant he interacted directly with many Greek heroes as well as various other gods and goddesses. Uranus was fearful of the fulfillment of a prophecy which stated what type of god is poseidon one of his children would overthrow him. To thwart destiny, Uranus swallowed all his children.
However, his son Zeus conspired with Rhea and overthrew Cronus. He freed his siblings, including Poseidon, by having Cronus disgorge them. After his father, Cronus, was defeated, the world was said to then be divided between Poseidon and his brothers, Zeus and Hades. Poseidon was given the seas to be his domain while Zeus received the sky and Hades the underworld. Poseidon was a major god and as a result was worshipped in many cities.
His more magnanimous side saw him creating new islands and calming the seas in order to aid sailors and fishermen. When angered, however, he was believed to cause floods, earthquakes, drownings, and shipwrecks as punishment. Poseidon could also cause certain disorders, specifically epilepsy. Amongst the peoples of the isolated island Arcadia, How to make paratha in microwave usually appeared as a horse and the what type of god is poseidon spirit of the underworld.
Arcadians believe that while in horse form, the stallion Poseidon pursued the goddess Demeter who was also in horse form as a mare. Soon after, Demeter gave birth to the stallion Arion and mare Despoina. More widely, however, he is known as the tamer of horses or simply as their father.
Poseidon was known to have had many lovers both male and female and even more children. While he fathered quite a few minor gods and goddesses as well as mythological creatures, he was also believed to have sired some heroes, such as Theseus.
Here are some of the most significant consorts and children connected with Poseidon:. Many of the myths involving Poseidon reference his quick temper and easily how to decorate a snowflake nature.
Odysseus tricks Polyphemus, ultimately blinding his single eye and escaping with the remainder of his men. Polyphemus prays to his father, Poseidon, asking for him to never allow Odysseus to arrive home. Poseidon and Athena both competed to become the patron of Athens. It was agreed that both of them would give a gift to the Athenians and then the king, Cecrops, would choose the better one between them. Poseidon thrust his trident into the dry ground and a spring appeared.
However, the water was salty and therefore undrinkable. Athena offered the Athenians an olive tree which could provide wood, oil, and food to the Athenian people. To justify his new position as King of Crete, the mortal Minos prayed to Poseidon for a sign. Poseidon sent a gigantic white bull, who walked out of the sea with the expectation that Minos would later sacrifice the bull.
Minos became fond of the bull and instead sacrificed a different one, which angered Poseidon. Neptune is known as the god of freshwater as well as the sea. As one of the Twelve Olympians as well as ruler of the seas, Poseidon interacts with other gods, monsters, and mortals alike.
Religious Symbols. Egyptian Mythology. Japanese Mythology. Poseidon Riding Hippocampus with Trident Statue. See This Here Amazon.
Poseidon Facts Infographics
Oct 14, · The Greek God Poseidon, King of the Sea Birth of Poseidon. Poseidon was the son of the titan Cronos and brother to the Olympian gods Zeus and Hades. Cronos, Poseidon and the Horse. Oddly for the god of the sea, Poseidon is deeply associated with horses. He created the first Myths of . Aug 02, · One of the twelve gods of Olympus, Poseidon is a son of Cronus and Rhea, and brother of Zeus. He battled Athena for control of the city which would later become known as Athens, in honor of the victor of that dispute. Sep 18, · Poseidon is the ancient Greek god of the seas. He was known as a protector of sailors as well as the patron of many different Greek cities and colonies. His ability to create earthquakes gained him the title of “ Earth Shaker ” by those who worshipped him.
Poseidon , in ancient Greek religion , god of the sea and of water generally , earthquakes, and horses. He is distinguished from Pontus, the personification of the sea and the oldest Greek divinity of the waters. Poseidon was a brother of Zeus , the sky god and chief deity of ancient Greece , and of Hades , god of the underworld.
When the three brothers deposed their father, the kingdom of the sea fell by lot to Poseidon. His weapon and main symbol was the trident, perhaps once a fish spear. As the god of earthquakes, Poseidon was also connected to dry land, and many of his oldest places of worship in Greece were inland, though these were sometimes centred on pools and streams or otherwise associated with water. As the god of horses, Poseidon is thought likely to have been introduced to Greece by the earliest Hellenes, who also introduced the first horses to the country about the 2nd century bce.
Poseidon himself fathered many horses, best known of which was the winged horse Pegasus by the Gorgon Medusa. Poseidon came into conflict with a variety of figures in land disputes. Notable among these was a contest for sovereignty over Attica , which he lost to the goddess Athena. He was the father of Pelias and Neleus by Tyro, the daughter of Salmoneus, and thus became the divine ancestor of the royal families of Thessaly and Messenia.
Many of his sons became rulers in other parts of the ancient Greek world. Otherwise he had many monstrous offspring, including giants and savage creatures, such as Orion , Antaeus , and Polyphemus.
Progenitor of many, with several consorts, Poseidon also was married to the Oceanid Amphitrite , with whom he also had multiple offspring, including the sea creature Triton. His character as a sea god eventually became his most prominent in art, and he was represented with the attributes of the trident, the dolphin , and the tuna. The Romans, ignoring his other aspects, identified him with Neptune as sea god. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History.
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An amphora jar with a representation of Poseidon, attributed to the Berlin Painter, c. Britannica Quiz. Gods, Goddesses, and Greek Mythology. In Greek mythology, who flew too close to the Sun? Spread your mental wings in this odyssey of mythical gods, goddesses, and famous characters of Greek mythology.
Ruins of a temple of Poseidon, Attica, Greece. Poseidon hurling his trident, coin reverse , — bce. Diameter 1. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Amphitrite and Poseidon in a chariot drawn by Tritons, detail of a frieze from an altar in the Temple of Neptune, Rome, 40 bce.
The Greek god Poseidon built the walls of Troy, according to the Iliad — Poseidon god of the sea was unusually atavistic in that his union with Earth, and his equine adventures appear to hark back to his pre-marine status as a horse or earthquake god. In any event, she gave birth to Theseus, who when the time came lifted the rock, retrieved the tokens, and went to Athens, where he would eventually succeed Aegeus as….
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