What kind of food do reindeer eat

what kind of food do reindeer eat

What Do Reindeer Really Eat (Slideshow)

In the summer the reindeer eat leaves, buds, forbes, shrubs and grasses. All of these are readily available and high in energy and protein. Summer and autumn are nutritionally very important, because survival through meager winter and early spring depends on the body reserves. Dec 18,  · But the luxury for such fine eats do not exist in the wild often. Their palettes are much more defined than by a boring old carrot. Take for instance mushrooms. While reindeer certainly will not request them shiitak-style, they would totally appreciate them over celery as this is what they actually encounter in the wild.

In the summer when forest reindeer are making their way through the woods, they can be seen grazing on grass. So if you want Rudolph to get a taste of summer, make sure you rip out a bowl of fresh cut grass for him to gnaw on.

Another grass rood plant, reindeer are often spotted come summertime foraging for sedges. This aquatic plant has spiky flowers that what kind of food do reindeer eat can snack on like a bowl of popcorn! Leafy greens seem to be their thing, so if reindeer happen to land atop your roof, you may want to consider hiding and evergreen shrubbery in knd yard to play it safe. In the thick of the forest, you may find a reindeer or two hanging out by the trees for more than shade.

Talk about four-star service! Where there is a willow there is a a way and a meal if you are a reindeer. The weeping and green tree offer many reindeers nourishment that helps fuel their overnight flights. As one would imagine, eating greens all of the time can get pretty boring. So rejndeer reindeers stumble upon so fresh fungi, they cannot resist.

This is an easy one to leave the reindeer, and they would probably appreciate them over a large carrot any day. How to get a temporary po box mossotherwise known as lichen, is a reindeer's preferred a.

Reindeers spend a great deal of time digging for this nourishment in the snow. Though it is very slow growing, reindeer seek it out each winter as a way to fill up between flight training for Santa. Skip to main content. Search Term. Home Entertain.

Lauren Gordon. Reindeer Moss. What Do Reindeer Really Eat?

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Dec 21,  · In Summer, Reindeer enjoy a variety of grasses, plants, herbs, ferns, leaves, moss and fungi. Arctic animals have adapted in a variety of ways in order to live in such an unforgiving environment. In Winter, food is very difficult to find for ruminant animals that primarily eat vegetation. Dec 03,  · Reindeer usually eat a mixture of grains — oats and barley, that kind of thing. We feed them veggies, too and, of course, they graze on wild grasses, berries, and sage. Reindeer are naturally very healthy eaters.” Elf Victor said that some people think they have to go out and buy special food for the reindeer on Christmas Eve. Dec 23,  · As one would imagine, eating greens all of the time can get pretty boring. So when reindeers stumble upon so fresh fungi, they cannot resist. This is an easy one to leave the reindeer, and they would probably appreciate them over a large carrot any day.

Reindeer , Rangifer tarandus , in North America called caribou , species of deer family Cervidae found in the Arctic tundra and adjacent boreal forests of Greenland , Scandinavia , Russia , Alaska , and Canada.

Reindeer have been domesticated in Europe. There are two varieties, or ecotypes: tundra reindeer and forest or woodland reindeer. Tundra reindeer migrate between tundra and forest in huge herds numbering up to half a million in an annual cycle covering as much as 5, km 3, miles.

Forest reindeer are much less numerous. Large males can stand more than 1. Reindeer have deeply cloven hoofs so the feet can spread on snow or soft ground; they are also good swimmers. Colour varies from whitish in winter to brown in summer.

Antlers with up to 44 points can grow to 1. Reindeer mature as yearlings if their nutrition is good, though males cannot compete for females until their fourth autumn, when their antlers and body mass which are correlated have grown sufficiently large.

The rut occurs in October and lasts only 11 days. Forest reindeer, on the other hand, defend discrete harems and fight harder. In both varieties a single calf is born in May or June after a gestation of seven and a half months. After one month it can eat fresh plant growth, and by three months it can survive if the mother dies, but normally weaning takes place at five to six months. Half of all calves born may be killed by wolves, bears, and lynx.

Longevity is about 15 years in the wild, 20 in captivity. Eurasian and American forest reindeer live in family groups of 6 to 13, with seasonal ranges of square km square miles or less. Tundra reindeer spend winter dispersed in forests but aggregate in spring to migrate onto the tundra; in fall they mass again to return to the forest.

Summer food is grass, sedges, green leaves of shrubs and new growth of larch, willow , and birch; mushrooms are sought in late summer.

In winter, metabolism slows, and reindeer rely on high-carbohydrate lichens called reindeer moss , which they reach by digging craters in the snow. The calf follows its mother and shares this food. The reindeer survive on this low-protein diet by recycling urea normally a waste product within the digestive system and making use of its nitrogen.

Females keep their antlers all winter, which enables them to defend feeding craters from each other as well as males, which shed their antlers soon after the rut. There are about 3. Nearly 3 million domestic reindeer live in northern Europe.

They are important to traditional herders such as the Sami Lapps of Scandinavia and Russia, who exploit them as pack and draft animals and for meat , milk, and hides; the antlers are carved into tools and totems.

The herdsmen use boats to direct herds to offshore islands in summer. In the forests of the Da Hinggan region of northeastern China , the Evenk people use reindeer as pack animals and as mounts, and small numbers of Tsaatan Dhukha herders in northern Mongolia utilize the reindeer they keep in a variety of ways.

Of the nine subspecies recognized, two are forest ecotypes, one living in North America and the other in Eurasia. Fossil evidence from Alaska indicates that they evolved during the late Pliocene Epoch 3. During the last glaciation see ice age more than 11, years ago, they were hunted by the Clovis people of New Mexico and by many early Stone Age tribes in southern Europe. Videos Images. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History. Print Cite verified Cite.

While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.

Alternative Titles: Rangifer tarandus, caribou. Caribou, or reindeer, bull Rangifer tarandus. Caribou, or reindeer Rangifer tarandus.

Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn about the effects of global warming on Sweden's reindeer. The effects of global warming on Sweden's reindeer. Sami gathering their reindeer prior to the start of the spring migration, near Kautokeino, Norway. Peary caribou Rangifer tarandus pearyi. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.

Arctic: Identification of Eastern and Western Arctic cultures. The domestic reindeer is ubiquitous throughout Arctic and subarctic Eurasia except the Pacific coast , whereas the North American caribou—which is virtually identical to the Eurasian wild reindeer—has never been domesticated.

As a domestic animal,…. They were the ancestors of the present Samoyedic- and Tungusic-speaking peoples. With their gradual dispersion northward, local hunting and fishing cultures were progressively absorbed. This process of absorption was still apparent in recent times in the spread of Evenk and Even pastoralism into Yukaghir…. The caribou is a migrant, but only between the Arctic tundra and the conifer subarctic zone to the south, and there are far northern groups of caribou whose migrations are more restricted.

The musk ox is a special case. Now restricted to the North American Arctic…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.



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