East Timor Population
60 rows · The highest increase in East Timor was recorded in with %. The biggest decrease . The total population in East Timor was estimated at million people in , according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. Looking back, in the year of , East Timor had a population of million people. This page provides - East Timor Population - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news.
Population est. Capital and ie city est. Ppulation government officials. National Holiday: Independence Day, November Real growth rate: 7. Inflation: 1. Agriculture: coffee, rice, corn, cassava, sweet potatoes, soybeans, cabbage, mangoes, bananas, shat. Labor force: n. Industries: printing, soap manufacturing, handicrafts, woven cloth.
Natural resources: gold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble. Major what companies have direct stock purchase plans partner: Indonesia Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: n.
Radio broadcast stations: n. 20113 broadcast stations: n. Internet hosts: 68 Internet users: Transportation: Railways: total: 0 km. Highways: total: 5, km; paved: 2, km; unpaved: 2, km Waterways: n. Ports and harbors: n. Airports: 8 est. Major sources and definitions. East Timor is located in the eastern whwt of Timor, an island in the Indonesian archipelago that lies between the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean.
After Indonesia, East Timor's closest neighbor is Australia, mi to the south. It is semiarid and mountainous. Timor was what is in caramel color colonized by the Portuguese in The Dutch, who claimed many of eawt surrounding islands, took control of the western portion of the island in Portugal and the Netherlands fought over the island until an treaty divided Timor, granting Portugal the eastern half of the island as well as the western enclave of Oecussi the first Portuguese settlement on the island.
East Timor remained under Portuguese control untilwhen exst Portuguese abruptly pulled out after years of colonization. The sudden Portuguese withdrawal populatio the island vulnerable. On July 16,nine days after the Democratic Republic of East Timor was declared an independent nation, Indonesia invaded and annexed it. Although no country except Australia officially recognized the annexation, Indonesia's invasion was sanctioned by the United States and other western countries, who had cultivated Indonesia as a trading partner and cold-war ally Fretilin, the East Timorese political party spearheading independence, was Marxist at the lf.
Indonesia's invasion and its brutal occupation of East Timor? East Timor's resistance hhe was violently suppressed by Indonesian military forces, and more thanTimorese were reported to have died from famine, disease, and fighting since the annexation.
Indonesia's human rights abuses finally began receiving international notice in the s, and in two East Timorese activists, Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and Jos Ramos-Horta, received the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to gain freedom peacefully. After Indonesia's hard-line president Suharto left office inhis successor, B. Habibie, unexpectedly announced his willingness to hold a referendum on East Timorese independence, reversing 25 years of Indonesian intransigence.
As the referendum on self-rule drew closer, fighting between separatist guerrillas and pro-Indonesian paramilitary forces in East Timor intensified. The UN-sponsored referendum had to be rescheduled twice popultion of violence. On Aug. But in the days following the referendum, pro-Indonesian militias and Indonesian soldiers retaliated by razing towns, slaughtering civilians, and forcing a third of the population out of the province.
Led by Australia, an international peacekeeping force began restoring order to what is the population of east timor 2013 ravaged region.
On May 20,nationhood was declared. Charismatic rebel leader Jos Alexandre Gusmo, who was imprisoned in Indonesia from towas overwhelmingly elected the nation's first president on April 14, The president has a largely symbolic role; real power what is the population of east timor 2013 with Parliament and Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri, also a former guerrilla leader. The first new country of the millennium, East Timor is also one of the world's poorest.
Its meager infrastructure was destroyed by the Indonesian militias wjatand the economy, primarily made up of subsistence farming and fishing, is in shambles. East Timor's offshore rimor and oil reserves promised the only real hope for lifting the country out of poverty, but a dispute with Australia what temperature does ice melt with salt the rights to the oil reserves in the East Timor Sea thwarted those efforts.
Finally, after years of wrangling, the two countries agreed in May to defer the redrawing hhe the border for 50 years and to split the oil and gas revenues down the middle. East Timor's capital, Dili, descended into chaos in April and Maywhen the prime minister, Mari Alkatiri, fired almost half the country's soldiers for striking. The fired soldiers, who had protested against low wages and alleged discrimination, then began rioting, and soldiers loyal to the prime minister started battling them.
Soon the violence had spread to the police force and the civilian population, causing aboutto flee their homes to avoid the bloodshed. Australian troops were called in to control the unrest. On June 26, Prime Minister Alkatiri resigned in an effort to stop the country's disintegration.
Alkatiri has been criticized for doing little to stem East Timor's grinding poverty and popupation problems, but the former independence fighter has remained immensely popular.
In April presidential elections? Francisco Guterres took Estanislau da Silva took over as interim prime minister, replacing Ramos-Horta, who held the post since The move sparked violent protests led by supporters of the Fretilin party, the former governing party.
Fretilin won the most seats in elections, but Gusmo formed a majority coalition, called the Alliance of the Parliamentary Majority AMP. President Ramos-Horta survived an assassination attempt how to text a hot girl February He was shot popylation the back and stomach in populatiom gun battle outside his home between his guards and supporters of renegade general Alfredo Reinado, who was killed in the altercation.
Reinado and several other generals were fired in populatjon lodging complaints of discrimination. Their case became a rallying cry against the government popilation sparked a wave of protests. Shortly after the shooting, Prime Minister Gusmo's motorcade was attacked by the same rebel group, suggesting a coup attempt. He was not injured in the ambush. Independence hero and incumbent president Ramos-Horta was eliminated in fhe first round of March presidential elections, placing third behind opposition leader Francisco Guterres and former guerilla fighter and armed forces chief Jos Maria Vasconcelos known by his nom de guerre Taur Matan Ruak.
Ruak won April's runoff with Guterres, taking See also Encyclopedia: East Timor. State Dept. Country Notes: East Timor. Government Republic. History Timor was first colonized by the Portuguese in Next: History. Dominican Republic. See also:. Georgia Country. Trending Here are plpulation facts and trivia that people are buzzing about. The Berlin Conference and the Partition of Africa. The Implied Powers of Congress. Noble Titles and Ranks in a Monarchy.
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Birth- and deathrate in East Timor
Ranking of the country (East Timor) at the global level is (from the highest to the lowest data): / See the entire classification East Timor: 55 records since , the average of these recordings: , The highest data: is the highest year for the indicator: Population. Map of East Timor. President: Taur Matan Ruak () Prime Minister: Xanana Gusmo () Total area: 5, sq mi (14, sq km) Population ( est.): 1,, (growth rate: %); birth rate: /; infant mortality rate: /; life expectancy: ; density per sq km: Capital and largest city ( est.): Dili, 50, 63 rows · Life exp., male Life exp., female Median Age Urbanization.
Australia is the country's southern neighbour, separated by the Timor Sea. The country's size is about 15, square kilometres 5, sq mi. East Timor was colonised by Portugal in the 16th century and was known as Portuguese Timor until 28 November , when the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor Fretilin declared the territory's independence.
Nine days later, it was invaded and occupied by the Indonesian military ; it was declared Indonesia's 27th province the following year. The Indonesian occupation of East Timor was characterised by a highly violent, decades-long conflict between separatist groups especially Fretilin and the Indonesian military.
In , following the United Nations -sponsored act of self-determination , Indonesia relinquished control of the territory. As Timor-Leste , it became the first new sovereign state of the 21st century on 20 May and joined the United Nations  and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. In Indonesian, the country is called Timor Timur , thereby using the Portuguese name for the island followed by the word for "east", as adjectives in Indonesian are put after the noun.
Cultural remains at Jerimalai on the eastern tip of East Timor have been dated to 42, years ago, making that location one of the oldest known sites of modern human activity in Maritime Southeast Asia. The first is described by anthropologists as people of the Veddo - Australoid type. Around BC, a second migration brought Melanesians. The earlier Veddo-Australoid peoples withdrew at this time to the mountainous interior. Finally, proto-Malays arrived from south China and north Indochina.
Timorese origin myths tell of ancestors who sailed around the eastern end of Timor arriving on land in the south. Some stories recount Timorese ancestors journeying from the Malay Peninsula or the Minangkabau highlands of Sumatra. The Portuguese established outposts in Timor and Maluku. Effective European occupation of a small part of present-day East Timor began in when the city of Dili was founded and the colony of Portuguese Timor declared.
For the Portuguese, East Timor remained little more than a neglected trading post until the late nineteenth century, with minimal investment in infrastructure, health, and education. Sandalwood continued to be the main export crop with coffee exports becoming significant in the mid-nineteenth century.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, a faltering home economy prompted the Portuguese to extract greater wealth from its colonies, which was met with East Timorese resistance. Portuguese Timor had been a place of exile for political and social opponents deported from the metropolis since the late nineteenth century.
Among them a large proportion were members of the anarchist and anarcho-syndicalist movement, which until the Second World War was the most influential of the left-wing movements in Portugal.
The main waves of deportations to Timor were in , , and Some of the activists continued their resistance even in exile. After World War II, the remaining exiles were pardoned and allowed to return. During World War II , first the Allies and later the Japanese occupied Dili, and the mountainous interior of the colony became the scene of a guerrilla campaign, known as the Battle of Timor.
Waged by East Timorese volunteers and Allied forces against the Japanese, the struggle resulted in the deaths of between 40, and 70, East Timorese civilians.
Following the Portuguese revolution , Portugal effectively abandoned its colony in Timor and civil war between East Timorese political parties broke out in Fearing a communist state within the Indonesian archipelago, the Indonesian military launched an invasion of East Timor in December Indonesia's occupation of East Timor was marked by violence and brutality.
A detailed statistical report prepared for the Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East Timor cited a minimum of , conflict-related deaths in the period —, namely, approximately 18, killings and 84, "excess" deaths from hunger and illness, with an estimated figure based on Portuguese, Indonesian and Catholic Church data of approximately , deaths.
The Dili Massacre was a turning point for the independence cause and an East Timor solidarity movement grew in Portugal, the Philippines, Australia, and other Western countries. A clear vote for independence was met with a punitive campaign of violence by East Timorese pro-integration militia supported by elements of the Indonesian military. In , the United Nations sent in security forces to restore order when unrest and factional fighting forced 15 percent of the population , people to flee their homes.
In February , Ramos-Horta was critically injured in an attempted assassination. Australian reinforcements were immediately sent to help keep order. The United Nations ended its peacekeeping mission on 31 December The head of state of East Timor is the President of the Republic , who is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. Although the President's executive powers are somewhat limited, he or she does have the power to appoint the Prime Minister and veto government legislation.
Following elections, the President usually appoints the leader of the majority party or coalition as Prime Minister of East Timor and the cabinet on the proposal of the latter. As head of government , the Prime Minister presides over the cabinet.
The unicameral East Timorese parliament is the National Parliament or Parlamento Nacional , the members of which are elected by popular vote to a five-year term.
The number of seats can vary from a minimum of fifty-two to a maximum of sixty-five. The East Timorese constitution was modelled on that of Portugal. The country is still in the process of building its administration and governmental institutions. The National Police of East Timor or PNTL is the national police force of East Timor, established in May by the United Nations , before sovereignty was passed to the new state, with a mandate to provide security and maintain law and order throughout the country, and to enable the rapid development of a credible, professional and impartial police service.
East Timor is divided into thirteen municipalities, which in turn are subdivided into 65 administrative posts, sucos villages , and 2, aldeias hamlets. Articles 5 and 71 of the constitution provide that Oecusse be governed by a special administrative policy and economic regime.
East Timor is a full member state of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries CPLP , also known as the Lusophone Commonwealth, an international organisation and political association of Lusophone nations across four continents. In each of those nations, Portuguese is an official language. The F-FDTL was established in February and comprised two small infantry battalions, a small naval component, and several supporting units.
This overlap has led to tensions between the services, which have been exacerbated by poor morale and lack of discipline within the F-FDTL. The F-FDTL's problems came to a head in when almost half the force was dismissed following protests over discrimination and poor conditions. The F-FDTL is being rebuilt with foreign assistance and has drawn up a long-term force development plan.
Since the discovery of petroleum in the Timor Sea in the s, there have been disputes surrounding the rights to ownership and exploitation of the resources situated in a part of the Timor Sea known as the Timor Gap , which is the area of the Timor Sea which lies outside the territorial boundaries of the nations to the north and south of the Timor Sea.
After the declaration of East Timor's nationhood in , the terms of the Timor Gap Treaty were abandoned and negotiations commenced between Australia and East Timor, culminating in the Timor Sea Treaty.
Australia's territorial claim extended to the bathymetric axis the line of greatest sea-bed depth at the Timor Trough. It overlapped East Timor's own territorial claim, which followed the former colonial power Portugal and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea in claiming that the dividing line should be midway between the two countries.
This is known as the Australia—East Timor spying scandal. The total land size is 14, km 2 5, sq mi. East Timor has an exclusive economic zone of 70, km 2 27, sq mi.
Much of the country is mountainous, and its highest point is Tatamailau also known as Mount Ramelau at 2, metres 9, ft.
It is characterised by distinct rainy and dry seasons. The capital, largest city, and main port is Dili, and the second-largest city is the eastern town of Baucau. It hosts a number of unique plant and animal species and is sparsely populated. East Timor is home to the Timor and Wetar deciduous forests ecoregion.
The economy of East Timor is a market economy , which used to depend upon exports of a few commodities such as coffee , marble , petroleum , and sandalwood. East Timor now has revenue from offshore oil and gas reserves, but little of it has been spent on the development of villages, which still rely on subsistence farming. The country's economy is dependent on government spending and, to a lesser extent, assistance from foreign donors. According to data gathered in the census, The country fared particularly poorly in the "registering property", "enforcing contracts" and "resolving insolvency" categories, ranking last worldwide in all three.
NRI is an indicator for determining the development level of a country's information and communication technologies. The Portuguese colonial administration granted concessions to the Australia-bound Oceanic Exploration Corporation to develop petroleum and natural gas deposits in the waters southeast of Timor. However, this was curtailed by the Indonesian invasion in There are no patent laws in East Timor. A railway system has been proposed but the current government has yet to approve the proposal due to lack of funds and expertise.
Tourism is still of minor importance in East Timor. In , the country was visited by 75, tourists. The government decided to invest in the expansion of the international airport in Dili. Negative factors for tourists include roads in poor condition, mainly in the interior of the country. East Timor recorded a population of 1,, in its census. The word Maubere ,  formerly used by the Portuguese to refer to native East Timorese and often employed as synonymous with the illiterate and uneducated, was adopted by Fretilin as a term of pride.
The main tribes of predominantly Papuan origin include the Bunak 84, , in the central interior of Timor island; the Fataluku 40, , at the eastern tip of the island near Lospalos ; and the Makasae 70, , toward the eastern end of the island.
There is a small Chinese minority, most of whom are Hakka. East Timor's two official languages are Portuguese and Tetum. English and Indonesian are sometimes used. The census found that the most commonly spoken mother tongues were Tetum Prasa mother tongue for Other indigenous languages accounted for Under Indonesian rule , the use of Portuguese was banned and only Indonesian was allowed to be used in government offices, schools and public business. It is now being taught and promoted with the help of Brazil, Portugal, and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.
According to the observatory of the Portuguese language, the East Timorese literacy rate was Portuguese is recovering as it is now been made the main official language of Timor, and is being taught in most schools.
East Timor's adult literacy rate in was The country's main university is the National University of East Timor. There are also four colleges. Since independence, both Indonesian and Tetum have lost ground as media of instruction , while Portuguese has increased: in only 8. The Philippines has sent Filipino teachers to East Timor to teach English , so as to facilitate a program between the two countries, under which deserving East Timorese nationals with English language skills will be granted university scholarships in the Philippines.
According to the census, The number of churches has grown from in to over in ,  with Church membership having grown considerably under Indonesian rule as Pancasila , Indonesia's state ideology, requires all citizens to believe in one God and does not recognise traditional beliefs.
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