What is an alkane in chemistry

what is an alkane in chemistry

10 Interesting Facts about Alkanes – Information and Uses

Nov 28,  · Alkanes are organic compounds that consist entirely of single-bonded carbon and hydrogen atoms and lack any other functional groups. Alkanes have the general formula C n H 2 n + 2 and can be subdivided into the following three groups: the linear straight-chain alkanes, branched alkanes, and cycloalkanes. Alkanes are also saturated facetimepc.coted Reading Time: 50 secs. Feb 05,  · Alkanes are chemical compounds that consist of carbon (C) and hydrogen (H) atoms, so they are also called hydrocarbons. The chemical structure of alkanes only consists of .

These are some of the most interesting facts about alkanes you must know. Alkane is the simplest organic molecule which only made of carbon and hydrogen with only single bond between the carbon. Alkanes are the most casual and also least reactive hydrocarbon species which contains only carbons and hydrogen.

One of the unique feature of alkane which differentiate it from the other that also exclusively contain carbon and hydrogen, is its lack of unsaturation. Alkane is used as the base in naming the majority of the organic compounds as their nomenclature. Alkane is an how to make beef ravioli saturated hydrocarbon. Alkane consist of hydrogen and carbon atoms which all the carbon-carbon bonds are single.

The amount of the hydrogen atom in each molecule are maximum. Every carbon atom has 4 bonds whether the C-H bond or the C-C bond and each hydrogen atom must be cemistry with the carbon atom H-C bond. Js Alkyl cluster, usually symbolized with R, is a functional cluster, which is like alkane, made of the bond of the single carbon and hydrogen atom.

For example, methyl or ethyl cluster. Homologous Series of Alkanes is a series or what is an alkane in chemistry group chemistrh carbon compounds which consist of the same general formula and the same characteristics. Alkanes is a covalent compound which has a relatively low boiling and melting point.

Generally low boiling and melting point has this kind of pattern:. Facts about Alkanes, it is a saturated hydrocarbon and all ks its bond is a complete covalent bond. The longer its carbon chain, the less its reactivity. The reaction in alkanes usually is a substitute reaction, which is a hydrogen atom replacement reaction in an alkane. Facts about Alkanes is having many uses. The Uses of Alkanes could be identified by looking at the number of the carbon atom inside of it. Other than all the benefits mentioned above, alkanes also used how to configure link local ipv6 address polymer, which the amount and the types are already uncountable.

These are all the basic but surely interesting facts about alkanes. To learn more about facts about Alkanes you should try learning about gasoline and other fuels. Close Menu Organic Chem. Inorganic Chem. Physical Chem. Tags alkanechemical compoundChemistry. Brief Explanation Here!

Accessibility links

Alkanes are organic compounds that consist entirely of single-bonded carbon and hydrogen atoms and lack any other functional groups. Alkanes have the general formula CnH2n+2 C n H 2 n + 2 and can be subdivided into the following three groups: the linear straight-chain alkanes, branched alkanes, and cycloalkanes. The alkanes are a homologous series of hydrocarbons. This means that they have similar chemical properties to each other and they have trends in .

Are you a chemistry student? Visit A-Level Chemistry to download comprehensive revision materials - for UK or international students! Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbon consist of carbon and hydrogen only without any functional group. Linear alkanes are alkanes where carbon atoms are linked together like a straight chain or a snake.

Branched alkanes are alkanes where carbon chain is split off making one or more branch. As for example:. Cyclic alkanes are alkanes where two carbons in any carbon chain are linked together to form a chain.

Alkanes with more that three carbons can stay in different structural isomers. This phenomena is known as isomerism. Sometime prefix n- is used to name a linear alkane to differentiate them from their branched analogues. To distinguish cyclic alkanes from other two alkanes the name of this type of alkanes are prefixed with cyclo-. For branched cyclic alkanes, the position and name of the branch can be attached as suffix. As for example the name of following cyclic alkane is 1-chlorocyclohexane.

Introduction to alkane Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbon consist of carbon and hydrogen only without any functional group. Classification of alkane There are three types of alkanes: Linear alkanes Branched alkanes Cyclic alkanes 1. Linear alkanes Linear alkanes are alkanes where carbon atoms are linked together like a straight chain or a snake. Here n is the number of -CH 2 — units in the linear alkane.

Branched alkanes Branched alkanes are alkanes where carbon chain is split off making one or more branch. As for example: 3. Cyclic alkanes Cyclic alkanes are alkanes where two carbons in any carbon chain are linked together to form a chain. As for example: Isomerism Alkanes with more that three carbons can stay in different structural isomers. Such as: C 1 : methane C 2 : ethane C 3 : propane C 4 : 2 isomers: n -butane and isobutane C 5 : 3 isomers: pentane, isopentane, and neopentane C 6 : 5 isomers: hexane, 2-methylpentane, 3-methylpentane, 2,2-dimethylbutane, and 2,3-dimethylbutane Nomenclature The suffix -ane is used to name an alkane.

Linear alkanes Sometime prefix n- is used to name a linear alkane to differentiate them from their branched analogues. Name Formula No. As for example: Cyclic alkanes: To distinguish cyclic alkanes from other two alkanes the name of this type of alkanes are prefixed with cyclo-. Physical properties of alkanes Alkanes are colorless.

Alkanes with lower molecular weight are gases. As molecular weight increases the alkanes stays as liquid or solid. The boiling point of alkanes increases with the increase of the number of carbon atoms in the molecule.



More articles in this category:
<- How to apply for a lost national insurance card - Ie crash detection how to repair->

5 thoughts on “What is an alkane in chemistry

Add a comment

Your email will not be published. Required fields are marked*