The Lost Rivers of the Garden of Eden - Found
Iraqi Kurdistan or Southern Kurdistan (Kurdish: ??????? ????????,Basure Kurdistane ?,) is the part of Kurdistan in northern facetimepc.co is one of the four parts of Kurdistan, which also includes parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northern Syria (Western Kurdistan), and northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan). Much of the geographical and cultural region of Iraqi. An Alluvial plain begins north of Baghdad and extends to the Persian facetimepc.co the Tigris and Euphrates rivers lie above the level of the plain in many places, and the whole area is a river delta interlaced by the channels of the two rivers and by irrigation canals. Intermittent lakes, fed by the rivers in flood, also characterize southeastern Iraq.A fairly large area (15, km 2 or 5, sq.
Riveds quest for pinpointing the exact location of the Biblical Garden of Eden and the four rivers almost rivals the quest for the location of fabled Atlantis. And the theories that abound are almost as numerous as the interpretations of the seven days of Genesis. Before tackling this question let's review what is written in Genesis about the four rivers:.
And the fourth river is Euphrates. Genesis KJV. The Bible says that a single river flowed " out " of Eden tigrris then does something that most rivers DO NOT do; specifically, split into four separate " heads " or rivers that flowed downstream, all fed from a common single river source.
Almost all rivers start from a single source or are fed by multiple sources tributaries. For example, the Ohio River actually begins where wat rivers the Monongahela and Allegheny flow together at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. The Ohio River terminates when it flows into the Mississippi river as one of that river's many tributaries.
So the names of rivers are an arbitrary thing, gigris denoting only a portion of a greater complex stream system, with one stream flowing into another, which in-turn, may flow into yet another.
This pattern of rivers, as observed in nature, is just the opposite of what the Bible describes euphrstes the rivers of Eden. For that reason, nobody has been able to look at modern maps of the regions mentioned in Genesis and figure out exactly where the Garden of Eden was, at least by the present topography of the lands of the Middle East.
Only one river of the four, the Euphrates, is known by the same name in modern times. Many have speculated that the Tigris is the river Hiddekel. This has led to speculation that the Garden of Eden was located somewhere in Turkey. This titris assumed because the present headwaters of the Euphrates River originate in What is a w2c correction, as do the headwaters of the Tigris.
Others ekphrates proposed iin the other end of the Euphrates River, where it meets the Tigris, may be the true location. This requires interpreting the Tigris river as one of the other three the Hiddekelthen interpreting a tributary confluence of rivers as a river "head" which it is notand then locating at least two more rivers or old river beds as the other missing two.
Having done so, they then claim that the Garden of Eden was near present day Kuwait. This is a convenient solution, but not one supported by the literal wording of the Bible or the geological and geographical realities of what a river "head" means, i.
You will notice that the present day headwaters of both the Tigris and Euphrates rivers originate in Tigrus very close to each other in mountainous terrain. Logically, one would assume that if two of the rivers started there, the other two must have done so, as well, if Turkey was the location of Eden. Neither the The tigris and euphrates rivers begin in what country nor Gihon rivers are ever mentioned again in the Bible.
However, the Hiddekel River is:. This reference by the prophet Daniel comes from a vision he had while with the children of Israel during the Babylonian Captivity.
This would put Daniel somewhere in the area of present-day Iraq and would make the present-day Tigris how much to spend on wedding invitations a fairly good candidate the tigris and euphrates rivers begin in what country the "Hiddekel" river spoken of by the prophet, as it is the only other great river known in that region today.
But the Bible says that this river " that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria what is in pisa italy and a historical map of the location of Assyria, shows that the Tigris actually goes southeastward. Keep in mind that the geographical area known as "Assyria" is not so easy to pin down.
Although the Assyrian Empire was centered how to save a file in catia v6 Nineveh, the actual empire also extended into what is euphraets present-day Syria and Palestine. However, lacking a better candidate, and knowing that the prophet Daniel was in that geographical area at the time of his visions, the Tigris appears to be the best possible modern-day candidate for the Tigtis River.
We now must search out the probable locations whta the other two rivers. It is here that euphratex theories that wht Garden of Eden was either in Turkey or Kuwait starts to lose credibility. First, let's identify the geographical region of the Pison river.
The Bible says: " Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold " ocuntry gives us two good clues. There is a recently discovered "Fossil River" that runs from the western mountains of Saudi Arabia towards Kuwait. This old river course is now nothing more than a dry riverbed. It's old path was detected by satellite imaging.
Many have speculated that this may be the ancient Pison, as it has been dry since about 3, to 2, BC. Although Saudi Arabia could marginally qualify for the land of Havilah, the fossil riverbed that flows across it had its origins in the mountains bordering the eastern side of the present day Red Sea, south of Israel.
It should be pointed out that those mountains are mirrored by another range of mountains on the western side of the Red Sea. The Red Sea is a tectonic spreading zone and whaat of the Great Rift system that runs from northward in Turkey, down to the Dead Sea, along the length of the Red Sea and then southward deep into the African continent.
Obviously, when that mountain range was split by the Rift the source waters of the proposed How to dress for ballet class river would have dried up. But this proposed river path may be somewhat of a "red-herring" because it does what size bike for 5 foot 7 inch man seem to naturally "fit" the overall pattern.
An even better fit may be for the river to have flowed down into what today is the Gulf of Aden south of present day Yemen southern tip of Arabia. Yemen has both gold and onyx, tigrie matches: " If this fossil-river referred to as the 'Kuwait river' was indeed the Pison River, it does not correspond with the present-day headwater source of the Euphrates or Tigris up in Turkey.
What's more, the geography of the last remaining river, the Gihon, further complicates the problem. The Gihon is spoken of as: " Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia " which is the African land area the tigris and euphrates rivers begin in what country of the Whzt Sea and southward.
Of course, the political boundaries of what we call Ethiopia today were certainly different in Biblical times, but the general area is correct. And if a river formerly flowed down what is now the Wha Sea basin and southward into Africa at the Afar Contry, it would certainly fit the description of a river that " compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.
All four of these rivers have one thing euphrwtes common: All are connected to the Great Rift system. And that is the key to the mystery. Two of the rivers of Eden were to the north of Israel, the titris remnants of which presently originate out of Turkey to the north. The two other rivers of Eden were to the south of Israel.
The geographical "center" of these four points of flow is neither Turkey nor Kuwait; the center is somewhere near the general region of present day Israel and Jordan.
The Bible itself lends further credence to Israel or someplace nearby as the location of the Garden of Eden. If you run the name "Eden" through a search of the Bible, among several references the following ones provide some insightful clues:. In this passage the Bible says that the Assyrian was in Lebanon. Spiritually speaking, the "trees" in this passage refer to men and leaders. Notice also in the last of the passage that the Spirit associates the trees with "Eden" that "were in the Garden of God.
From this we can infer that the Garden and the source of the rivers of the Garden was somewhere close to the land of Lebanon. Assuming this postulation is correct, that the source of the four rivers was somewhere near Rigers, and that the rivers all had a connection to the Great Rift system, the interconnection of the river systems ln need to be somewhat like how to get your ip address cmd map below:.
What do rubber boas eat roughly emerges, when all four rivers are connected to trace of the Great Rift fault system, is a complex river network emerging from a common point of origin that flows both north tigros south, with each north and south extension splitting into two tthe streams, for a total of four rivers. That adds up to four separate heads. But the so-called Kuwait River, which has been proposed as the lost river Pison, still does not seem to match well with the common denominator of the others - the Great The tigris and euphrates rivers begin in what country and the tigris and euphrates rivers begin in what country fault systems.
Based on the description of its path in the Bible which says, " compasseth the whole land of Havilah " and knowing from the geology of present day Yemen that onyx can be found there, then this bsgin of the verse, " where there is gold; And the gold of countrt land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone " suggests an alternate path for the River Pison, to the south of Yemen, as we mentioned previously.
So, When all factors are considered Bible text and geologyI believe the paths indicated by the dotted lines on the large map below are the probable paths where the four-rivers of the Garden of Eden actually flowed. And a southern path around Yemen puts the fourth river squarely into the basin of the Great Rift system, flowing east from the upwelling The tigris and euphrates rivers begin in what country Triangle.
Titris paths meet the requirements of the Biblical text because the single river water source "head"originating from high ground somewhere thhe or near present day Israel, would have originated or flowed down into the Rift Valley basin.
Those waters would then need to have been diverted to euphratex both contry and south along the path of the Rift zone, with both the north and south forks each splitting a second time when intercepting other fault zones, to produce a total of four rivers, with four heads. The chart below is an overview of the known fault systems across the Middle East region south of the Red Sea excluded :.
Keep in mind that the course of rivers around and through the vicinity of the Great Rift fault system may have changed or dried up because of block faulting all along the Rift zone since the times of Adam and Eve. Certainly Horst and Graben faulting along the Rift could, and tne, change the surface topography.
Horst and Graben faulting is defined as "elongate fault blocks of the Earth's crust that have been raised and lowered, respectively, relative to their surrounding areas as a direct effect of faulting. Horsts and Grabens may range in size from blocks a few centimeters wide to tens of kilometers wide; the vertical movement may be up to several thousand feet.
Image courtesy of Dr. But when did this tivris The most likely time frame would be in the years immediately following Noah's Flood. Imaging of the Dead Sea indicates that, at one time, the river bed of what is now the Jordan River once flowed across the land surface that is now at the bottom of the Dead Sea. This tge suggests that there was Horst and Graben aand at the southern end of the present Dead Sea, which abruptly terminated the former flow of that river southward and formed the current Dead Sea.
And that stream was probably the euphratds channel to the ancient Gihon and Pison Rivers, which ran down the floor of what is now the Red Sea into Ethiopia and through the Rift basin south from the Afar Triangle. Supporting coincidental evidence for this is the fact that fish species down in the African Rift valley river and teh systems are very similar to wyat found in the Jordan River system:.
Note: The aquatic life of the African lakes and rivers belongs to the so-called Ethiopian zoogeographical region. According to Annandale, the explanation euphratees the Ethiopian affinity of the fish fauna of the Jordan is that the Jordan formed at one time merely part of a river system that ran down the Great Rift Valley.
The Jordan was one branch of this huge te system, the chain of lakes in East Africa represents the other; and together they opened into the Indian Ocean.
See R. Source website: The Great Rift and the Jordan. Now, returning to the general area of Lebanon as the Biblical location of the Garden of Eden and the water source ghe the four rivers, let us take a look at the present-day geology and topography of that area. This map shows a great deal of block faulting in the area of Lebanon just north of modern-day Israel.
You befin note from the topographical relief and surface features that, counfry waters once fuphrates north out of Lebanon, they would naturally flow into the Euphrates Fault system river basin. Begn, at the time of the Garden of Eden, the main headwaters of the Euphrates could have come from that direction.
If the water flow at that time continued northward along the path of the Great Rift, it would intersect the present-day Tigris river basin system, as well.
That would mean that the present-day head-waters of how to store electricity from dynamo rivers, that currently originate in Turkey, may have in older times been only tributaries to both rivers, not the main water source. Below is a satellite image of the entire area. The prominent bodies of water along the Rift zone in this photo are the Dead Sea bottom and Sea of Galilee top.
They are connected by the Jordan River which flows south. Before the Earth was divided by the Rift, thd elevations along Great Rift floor were certainly different. What you are looking at in the satellite photo is "ground zero" of what was once the Garden of Eden. Here is another important point to remember.
You will notice that the present day headwaters of both the Tigris and Euphrates rivers originate in Turkey very close to each other in mountainous terrain. Logically, one would assume that if two of the rivers started there, the other two must have done so, as well, if Turkey was the location of Eden. The protocol provided the control and management of the Euphrates and the Tigris depending to a large extent on the regulations of flow in Turkish source areas. Turkey agreed to begin monitoring the two border-crossing rivers and to share related data with Iraq. Apr 10, · River deltas have been important to humans for thousands of years because of their extremely fertile soils. Major ancient civilizations grew along deltas such as those of the Nile and the Tigris-Euphrates rivers, with the inhabitants of these civilizations learning how .
A river delta is a low-lying plain or landform that occurs at the mouth of a river near where it flows into an ocean or another larger body of water. Deltas' greatest importance to human activities, fish and wildlife lay in their characteristic highly fertile soil and dense, diverse vegetation. In order to fully appreciate the role deltas play in our larger ecosystem, it is first important to understand rivers. Rivers are defined as bodies of fresh water generally flowing from high elevations toward an ocean, a lake or another river; sometimes, even back into the ground.
Most rivers begin at high elevations where snow, rain, and other precipitation run downhill into creeks and small streams. These small waterways flow ever farther downhill, eventually meeting to form rivers. Rivers flow toward oceans or other larger bodies of water, oftentimes combining with other rivers.
Deltas exist as the lowest part of these rivers. It is in these deltas where a river's flow slows and spreads out to create sediment-rich dry areas and biodiverse wetlands. The formation of a river delta is a slow process. As rivers flow toward their outlets from higher elevations, they deposit mud, silt, sand, and gravel particles at the mouths where rivers and larger, more sedentary bodies of water meet. Over time these particles called sediment or alluvium build up at the mouth, extending into the ocean or lake.
As these areas continue to grow the water becomes shallower and eventually, landforms begin to rise above the surface of the water, typically elevating to just above sea level. As rivers drop enough sediment to create these landforms or areas of raised elevation, the remaining flowing water with the most power sometimes cuts across the land, forming different branches called distributaries.
Once formed, deltas are typically made up of three parts: the upper delta plain, the lower delta plain, and the subaqueous delta. The upper delta plain makes up the area nearest to land. It is usually the area with the least water and highest elevation. The lower delta plain is the middle of the delta.
It is a transition zone between the dry upper delta and the wet subaqueous delta. The subaqueous delta is the portion of the delta closest to the sea or body of water into which the river flows. This area is usually past the shoreline and it is below water level. Despite the generally universal processes by which river deltas are formed and organized, it is important to note that the world's deltas vary dramatically in structure, composition, and size due to factors such as origin, climate, geology, and tidal processes.
These external factors contribute to an impressive diversity of deltas around the world. A delta's characteristics are classified based upon the specific factors contributing to its river's deposition of sediment -- typically the river itself, waves or tides.
The main types of deltas are wave-dominated deltas, tide-dominated deltas, Gilbert deltas, inland deltas, and estuaries. As its name would imply, a wave-dominated delta such as the Mississippi River Delta is created by wave erosion controlling where and how much river sediment remains in a delta once it has been dropped.
Tide-dominated deltas such as the Ganges River Delta are formed by tides. Such deltas are characterized by a dendritic structure branched, like a tree due to newly-formed distributaries during times of high water. Gilbert deltas are steeper and formed by deposition of coarse material. While it is possible for them to form in ocean areas, their formations are more commonly seen in mountainous areas where mountain rivers deposit sediment into lakes.
Inland deltas are deltas formed in inland areas or valleys where rivers may divide into many branches and rejoin farther downstream. Inland deltas, also called inverted river deltas, normally form on former lake beds. Finally, when a river is located near coasts characterized by large tidal variations, they do not always form a traditional delta.
Tidal variation often results in estuaries or a river that meets the sea, such as Saint Lawrence River in Ontario, Quebec, and New York. River deltas have been important to humans for thousands of years because of their extremely fertile soils. Major ancient civilizations grew along deltas such as those of the Nile and the Tigris-Euphrates rivers, with the inhabitants of these civilizations learning how to live with their natural flooding cycles. Deltas remain important to humans even today as, among many other things, a source of sand and gravel.
Used in highway, building and infrastructure construction, these highly valuable materials quite literally build our world. Delta land is also important in agricultural use. One of the most agriculturally diverse and productive areas in the state, the region successfully supports numerous crops from kiwi to alfalfa to tangerines. In addition to or perhaps in defiance of these human uses, river deltas boast some of the most biodiverse systems on the planet.
As such, it is essential that these unique and beautiful havens of biodiversity remain as healthy habitat for the many species of plants, animals, insects, and fish -- some rare, threatened or endangered -- which call them home.
In addition to their biodiversity, deltas and wetlands provide a buffer for hurricanes, as open land often stands to weaken the impact of storms as they travel toward larger, more populated areas.
The Mississippi River Delta, for example, buffers the impact of potentially strong hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico. Share Flipboard Email. Amanda Briney.
Geography Expert. Amanda Briney is a professional geographer. She holds an M. Updated April 10, Cite this Article Format. Briney, Amanda. Geography of River Deltas. An Overview of Valley Formation and Development.
Ocean Waves: Energy, Movement, and the Coast. The Process and Definition of Geomorphology.
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