How to do a topic sentence outline

how to do a topic sentence outline

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Oct 15,  · Writing strong topic sentences Step 1: Write a thesis statement. The first step to developing your topic sentences is to make sure you have a strong Step 2: Make an essay outline and draft topic sentences. Next, you should make an outline . enough major headings to develop your topic fully within the boundaries established by your thesis statement. Note the following examples of topic and sentence outlines using the same thesis and subject matter. (Check with your instructor about spacing.) Thesis: The abuse of alcohol and drugs can affect a person economically, psychologically, and physically. Topic Outline: I. Economical effects .

Published on January 21, by Shona McCombes. Revised on October 15, Every paragraph in your paper needs a topic sentence. The topic sentence expresses what the paragraph is about. It should include two key things:. To build a well-structured argument, you can also use your topic sentences to transition smoothly between paragraphs and show the connections between your points. Table of contents Writing strong topic sentences Topic sentences as transitions between paragraphs Topic sentences that introduce more than one paragraph Where does the topic sentence go?

Frequently asked questions about topic sentences. To make sure every topic sentence and paragraph serves your argument, follow these steps. The first step to developing your topic sentences is to make sure you have a strong thesis statement. The thesis statement sums up the purpose and argument of the whole paper. At this stage, you can draft a topic sentence that sums up the main point you want to make in each paragraph.

The topic sentences should be more specific than the thesis statement, but always clearly related to it. Research has consistently shown that the meat industry has a significant environmental impact. The rest of the paragraph should flow logically from the topic sentence, expanding on the point with evidence, examples, or argumentation. This helps keep your paragraphs focused: everything you write should relate to the central idea expressed in the topic sentence.

In our example, you might mention specific research studies and statistics that support your point about the overall impact how to do a topic sentence outline the meat industry. Topic sentences usually start out as simple statements. You can think of it like a signpost: it should tell the reader which direction your argument is going in.

To make your writing stronger and ensure the connections between your paragraphs are clear and logical, you can also use topic sentences to create smooth transitions. As you write each topic sentence, ask yourself: how does this point relate to what you wrote in the preceding paragraph? How to do a topic sentence outline the paragraph goes into more how to do a topic sentence outline or gives another example to make the same point, the topic sentence can use words that imply emphasis or similarity for example, furthermoreindeedin factalso.

Indeedcattle farming alone is responsible for a large proportion of greenhouse gas emissions. If the paragraph turns to a different aspect of the same subject, the topic sentence can briefly sum up the previous paragraph and anticipate the new information that will appear in this one. While beef clearly has the most dramatic footprint, other animal products also have serious impacts in terms of emissions, water and land use.

If the paragraph makes a comparison or introduces contrasting information, the topic sentence can use words that highlight difference or conflict for example, in contrasthoweveryeton the other hand. Howeverthe environmental costs of dietary choices are not always clear-cut; in some cases, small-scale livestock farming is more sustainable than plant-based food production.

You can also imply contrast or complicate your argument by formulating the topic sentence as a question. Is veganism the only solution, or are there more sustainable ways of producing meat and dairy?

All of the examples above address the environmental impact of meat-eating versus veganism. Together, they make up one coherent part of a larger argument, so the first paragraph could use a topic sentence to introduce the whole section. In countries with high levels of meat consumption, a move towards plant-based diets is the most obvious route to making food more sustainable.

Research has consistently shown that the meat industry has significant environmental impacts. However, the environmental costs of dietary choices are not always clear-cut; in some cases, small-scale livestock farming is more sustainable than plant-based food production. In this example, the first sentence summarizes the main point that has been made so far.

Then the topic sentence indicates that this paragraph will address evidence that complicates or contradicts that point. In more advanced or creative forms of academic writing, you can play with the placement of topic sentences to build suspense and give your arguments more force. But if in doubt, to keep your paper clear and focused, the easiest method is to place the topic sentence at the start of the paragraph.

View topic sentences in an example essay. A topic sentence is a sentence that expresses the main point of a paragraph. Everything else in the paragraph should relate to the topic sentence. Topic sentences help keep your writing focused and guide the reader through your argument. In an essay or papereach paragraph should focus on a single idea.

By stating the main idea in the topic sentence, you clarify what the paragraph is about for both yourself and your reader. The topic sentence usually comes at the very start of the paragraph. However, sometimes you might start with a transition sentence to summarize what was discussed in previous paragraphs, followed by the topic sentence that expresses how often to use detox foot pads focus of the current paragraph.

Here are three examples of topic sentences you could use for each of the three body paragraphs :. Each of these sentences expresses one main idea — by listing them in order, we can see the how to build a barebones computer structure of the essay at a glance.

Each paragraph will expand on the topic sentence with relevant detail, evidence, and arguments. Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. Home Knowledge Base Research paper How to write topic sentences.

It should include two key things: The topic of the paragraph The central point of the paragraph. After the topic sentence, you expand on the point with evidence and examples. Topic sentence example Research has consistently shown that the what is the moon on the iphone 5 industry has a significant environmental impact.

Here's why students love Scribbr's proofreading services Trustpilot. What is a topic sentence? Why are topic sentences important? Where does the topic sentence go in a paragraph? What are some examples of topic sentences? Here are three examples of topic sentences you could what is blood moon in islam for each of the three body paragraphs : Research has shown that the how to restate a sentence industry has severe environmental impacts.

However, many plant-based foods are also produced in environmentally damaging ways. Is this article helpful? Shona McCombes Shona has a bachelor's and two master's degrees, so she's an expert at writing a great thesis. She has also worked as an editor and teacher, working with students at all different levels to improve their academic writing. Other students also liked. An annotated essay example See how to build a well-structured essay with an effective introduction, focused paragraphs, clear transitions, and a strong conclusion.

How to write a thesis statement A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your essay. It usually comes at the end of the introduction. Transition words what is the catalytic converter phrases in academic writing Transition words and phrases link together different ideas in your text. Using them effectively helps the reader to follow your arguments.

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Several aspects must be considered in writing a topic outline. Recall that all headings and subheadings must be words or phrases, not sentences. Also, the wording within each division must be parallel. Finally, as in any outline, remember that a division or subdivision cannot be divided into one part; therefore, if there is an "A" there must be a "B," and if there is a "1" there must be a "2.". A sentence outline lists complete sentences. A topic outline arranges your ideas hierarchically (showing which are main and which are sub-points), in the sequence you want, and shows what you will talk about. As the name implies, it identifies all the little mini-topics that your paper will comprise, and shows how they relate. A sentence outline does all of this, plus it shows exactly what . After The Preparation Stage, You Can Perform the Following: 1. Brainstorm. After your research, list down the ideas you want to include in your paper. Remember that in a sentence outline the full sentences are 2. Organize. 3. Order. 4. Label.

A thesis statement is usually a sentence that states your argument to the reader. It usually appears in the first paragraph of an essay. Your thesis statement states what you will discuss in your essay. Not only does it define the scope and focus of your essay, it also tells your reader what to expect from the essay. A thesis statement is not a statement of fact. It is an assertive statement that states your claims and that you can prove with evidence.

It should be the product of research and your own critical thinking. There are different ways and different approaches to write a thesis statement. Here are some steps you can try to create a thesis statement:. Example: Early prevention programs in schools are the most effective way to prevent youth gang involvement. Example: Among various prevention and intervention efforts that have been made to deal with the rapid growth of youth gangs, early school-based prevention programs are the most effective way to prevent youth gang involvement.

In fact, you should keep the thesis statement flexible and revise it as needed. In the process of researching and writing, you may find new information that falls outside the scope of your original plan and want to incorporate it into your paper. Or you probably understand your thoughts more and shift the focus of your paper.

Then you will need to revise your thesis statement while you are writing the paper. An outline is the "road map" of your essay in which you list the arguments and subtopics in a logical order. A good outline is an important element in writing a good paper. An outline helps to target your research areas, keep you within the scope without going off-track, and it can also help to keep your argument in good order when writing the essay. You list all the major topics and subtopics with key points that support them.

Put similar topics and points together and arrange them in a logical order. Include an Introduction , a Body , and a Conclusion in your outline. You can make an outline in a list format or a chart format. Butte College Library. Research Paper Menu 1. Overview 2. Finding Topic Ideas 3.

Choosing Appropriate Resources 5. Using Butte College Library Resources 6. Scholarly Journals 7. Online Search Techniques 8. Taking Notes and Documenting Sources 9. Evaluation of Resources Citation and Plagiarism. What is a thesis statement? Why do I need to write a thesis statement for a paper? A thesis statement can be very helpful in constructing the outline of your essay.

Also, your instructor may require a thesis statement for your paper. How do I create a thesis statement? Here are some steps you can try to create a thesis statement: 1. Start out with the main topic and focus of your essay. Make a claim or argument in one sentence. Example: Prevention and intervention programs can stop youth gang activities. Revise the sentence by using specific terms.

Further revise the sentence to cover the scope of your essay and make a strong statement. Can I revise the thesis statement in the writing process?

Why do I need to make an outline when I already have a thesis statement? How do I make an outline? Next Chapter: 4. Choosing Appropriate Resources.

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